Neurology

Types of Common Neurological Disorders

Neurological disorders are distressful symptoms caused by the disturbance and disorientation of the nervous system. At our clinic, world-renowned neurologists leverage their mammoth experience in curing and treating these conditions with cutting-edge therapies and advanced medicines. So, are you looking for the best neurologist doctor in Kolkata? A Better You is your definitive stop!
Multiple sclerosis

1. Multiple sclerosis (MS) :
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a long-term condition that affects the brain and spinal cord. It happens when the body’s defense system mistakenly attacks the protective covering of nerve fibers. This covering helps the brain send signals to the rest of the body.
MS can cause various symptoms that differ from person to person. Some common signs include tiredness, trouble walking, numbness or tingling, weak muscles, balance problems, vision issues, and difficulties with thinking.
Read More

2. Central Nervous System Demyelinating Disorders : Central nervous system demyelinating disorders are a group of conditions that affect the protective covering of nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord. The covering, called myelin, helps messages travel smoothly between the brain and the rest of the body. These disorders include multiple sclerosis (MS), which is the most common one. They happen when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the myelin, causing damage and inflammation. When the myelin is damaged, it can lead to a wide range of symptoms, such as fatigue, problems with movement, numbness or tingling, vision issues, and difficulties with thinking or remembering things. Read More
Central Nervous System Demyelinating Disorders
Central Nervous System Demyelinating Disorders
2. Central Nervous System Demyelinating Disorders : Central nervous system demyelinating disorders are a group of conditions that affect the protective covering of nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord. The covering, called myelin, helps messages travel smoothly between the brain and the rest of the body. These disorders include multiple sclerosis (MS), which is the most common one. They happen when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the myelin, causing damage and inflammation. When the myelin is damaged, it can lead to a wide range of symptoms, such as fatigue, problems with movement, numbness or tingling, vision issues, and difficulties with thinking or remembering things. Read More
Primary Headache Disorders
3. Primary Headache Disorders (Migraine, Cluster, Tension, TAC, etc.) : Primary headache disorders are a group of conditions that cause recurring headaches without any underlying medical condition. The most common types of primary headaches are migraines, tension headaches, and cluster headaches. Migraines are intense headaches that can cause throbbing pain, sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, and sometimes visual disturbances. They can last for hours or even days. Tension headaches are more common and often feel like a constant dull ache or pressure around the head. They are usually caused by stress, tension in the muscles, or poor posture. Read More
4. Secondary Headache Disorders : Secondary headache disorders are a group of headaches that occur as a symptom of an underlying medical condition or injury. Unlike primary headaches, which are standalone conditions, secondary headaches are caused by something else going on in the body. There are numerous causes of secondary headaches, including head injuries, sinus infections, dental problems, high blood pressure, hormonal changes, medication side effects, and even brain tumors. These underlying conditions can trigger headaches as a secondary effect. Read More
Secondary Headache Disorders
Secondary Headache Disorders
4. Secondary Headache Disorders : Secondary headache disorders are a group of headaches that occur as a symptom of an underlying medical condition or injury. Unlike primary headaches, which are standalone conditions, secondary headaches are caused by something else going on in the body. There are numerous causes of secondary headaches, including head injuries, sinus infections, dental problems, high blood pressure, hormonal changes, medication side effects, and even brain tumors. These underlying conditions can trigger headaches as a secondary effect. Read More
Seizures and Epilepsy
5. Seizures and Epilepsy : Seizures and epilepsy are conditions that affect the brain and can cause sudden, abnormal electrical activity, resulting in temporary disruptions in a person’s behavior, movements, sensations, or consciousness. Seizures occur when there is a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain. They can be caused by various factors such as head injuries, genetic conditions, brain infections, or even unknown causes. During a seizure, a person may experience convulsions, muscle stiffness, jerking movements, confusion, or loss of awareness. Read More
6. Neurodegenerative Dementias : Neurodegenerative dementias are a group of conditions that affect the brain and gradually lead to a decline in cognitive abilities, memory, and daily functioning. These dementias are caused by the progressive degeneration of nerve cells in the brain. The most common types of neurodegenerative dementia include Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease dementia, and Lewy body dementia. These conditions typically occur in older adults, although they can also affect younger individuals in rare cases. Read More
Neurodegenerative Dementias
Neurodegenerative Dementias
5. Neurodegenerative Dementias : Neurodegenerative dementias are a group of conditions that affect the brain and gradually lead to a decline in cognitive abilities, memory, and daily functioning. These dementias are caused by the progressive degeneration of nerve cells in the brain. The most common types of neurodegenerative dementia include Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease dementia, and Lewy body dementia. These conditions typically occur in older adults, although they can also affect younger individuals in rare cases. Read More
Dementias
7. Rapidly Progressive Dementias : Neurodegenerative dementias are a group of brain conditions that cause a gradual decline in memory, thinking abilities, and daily functioning. These conditions happen when nerve cells in the brain start to degenerate or die. The most common types of neurodegenerative dementia are Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease dementia, and Lewy body dementia. These usually affect older adults but can rarely occur in younger individuals too. Read More

8. Parkinson’s Disease and movement disorders :
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that impairs the brain and primarily impacts movement. It occurs when certain nerve cells in the brain, assigned for producing a chemical called dopamine, start to degenerate.
The main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include tremors (shaking), stiffness in muscles, slow movements, and difficulties with balance and coordination. People with Parkinson’s may also experience changes in speech, mood, and cognition.
Parkinson’s is a chronic condition with no known cure, but there are treatments available to manage its symptoms and improve quality of life. Medications can help increase dopamine levels in the brain or regulate other brain chemicals to alleviate symptoms.
Read More

Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson's Disease

8. Parkinson’s Disease and movement disorders :
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that impairs the brain and primarily impacts movement. It occurs when certain nerve cells in the brain, assigned for producing a chemical called dopamine, start to degenerate.
The main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include tremors (shaking), stiffness in muscles, slow movements, and difficulties with balance and coordination. People with Parkinson’s may also experience changes in speech, mood, and cognition.
Parkinson’s is a chronic condition with no known cure, but there are treatments available to manage its symptoms and improve quality of life. Medications can help increase dopamine levels in the brain or regulate other brain chemicals to alleviate symptoms.
Read More

Dizziness
9. Dizziness : Dizziness is a common symptom that many people experience at some point. It is the feeling of lightheadedness, unsteadiness, or a spinning sensation. Dizziness can be caused by various factors. One common cause of dizziness is inner ear problems, such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), which occurs when tiny calcium crystals in the inner ear become dislodged. Other causes include low blood pressure, medication side effects, dehydration, anxiety, and certain medical conditions. When you feel dizzy, it is important to sit or lie down to avoid falling. Read More
10. Spine and spinal cord diseases : Spine and spinal cord diseases are conditions that affect the backbone and the nerves within it. The spine is made up of bones called vertebrae, and the spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs inside the spine. There are various spine and spinal cord diseases, including herniated discs, spinal stenosis, spinal fractures, and spinal cord tumors. These conditions can cause a range of symptoms, such as back or neck pain, numbness or tingling in the limbs, difficulty walking, muscle weakness, and even paralysis. Read More
Spine and spinal cord
Spine and spinal cord
10. Spine and spinal cord diseases : Spine and spinal cord diseases are conditions that affect the backbone and the nerves within it. The spine is made up of bones called vertebrae, and the spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs inside the spine. There are various spine and spinal cord diseases, including herniated discs, spinal stenosis, spinal fractures, and spinal cord tumors. These conditions can cause a range of symptoms, such as back or neck pain, numbness or tingling in the limbs, difficulty walking, muscle weakness, and even paralysis. Read More
Confused about your treatment options?
Confused about your treatment options?
Peripheral Neuropathies
11.Peripheral Neuropathies : Peripheral neuropathies are a group of disorders that grip the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, known as the peripheral nerves. These nerves carry signals between the central nervous system and the rest of the body. Peripheral neuropathies can have various causes, including diabetes, infections, genetic factors, autoimmune diseases, and exposure to toxins. The condition often leads to damage or dysfunction of the peripheral nerves, resulting in symptoms like numbness, tingling, burning sensations, muscle weakness, and coordination problems. Read More
12. Radiculopathy : Radiculopathy is a condition that affects the nerves as they exit the spine, causing pain, numbness, and weakness in the areas supplied by those nerves. It occurs when a nerve root is compressed or irritated, often due to conditions like herniated discs, bone spurs, or spinal stenosis. The most common symptom of radiculopathy is radiating pain that travels along the path of the affected nerve, such as down the arm or leg. This pain can be sharp, shooting, or burning in nature. Numbness, tingling, and muscle weakness may also be present. Read More
Radiculopathy
Radiculopathy
12. Radiculopathy : Radiculopathy is a condition that affects the nerves as they exit the spine, causing pain, numbness, and weakness in the areas supplied by those nerves. It occurs when a nerve root is compressed or irritated, often due to conditions like herniated discs, bone spurs, or spinal stenosis. The most common symptom of radiculopathy is radiating pain that travels along the path of the affected nerve, such as down the arm or leg. This pain can be sharp, shooting, or burning in nature. Numbness, tingling, and muscle weakness may also be present. Read More
Low back pain
13. Low back pain : Low back pain is a common condition that affects the lower part of the spine and can cause excruciating discomfort or pain in the back. It can be caused by various factors, including muscle strains, herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or poor posture. The symptoms of low back pain can be extremely subjective but often include a dull, aching sensation or sharp pain in the lower back. The pain may worsen with certain movements, such as bending or lifting. Most cases of low back pain can be managed with self-care measures. This includes resting, applying heat or cold packs, gentle stretching, and over-the-counter pain medications. Read More
14. Autoimmune Neurology : Autoimmune neurology refers to a group of conditions where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the nervous system, leading to neurological symptoms. The immune system, which normally protects the body from harmful invaders, starts to target its own tissues in autoimmune diseases. In autoimmune neurology, the immune system specifically targets the nerves, brain, spinal cord, or other parts of the nervous system. This can result in many symptoms, such as muscle weakness, difficulty coordinating movements, sensory abnormalities, seizures, or cognitive impairments. Read More
Autoimmune Neurology
Autoimmune Neurology
14. Autoimmune Neurology : Autoimmune neurology refers to a group of conditions where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the nervous system, leading to neurological symptoms. The immune system, which normally protects the body from harmful invaders, starts to target its own tissues in autoimmune diseases. In autoimmune neurology, the immune system specifically targets the nerves, brain, spinal cord, or other parts of the nervous system. This can result in many symptoms, such as muscle weakness, difficulty coordinating movements, sensory abnormalities, seizures, or cognitive impairments. Read More
Neuromuscular disease
15. Neuromuscular Disease : Neuromuscular diseases are a group of conditions that affect the nerves controlling voluntary muscles. These diseases can cause weakness, muscle wasting, and problems with movement and coordination. There are various types of neuromuscular diseases, including muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), myasthenia gravis, and peripheral neuropathy. Each condition has its own specific characteristics and affects different parts of the nervous system. Muscle weakness, difficulty walking or lifting objects, muscle cramps, and twitching are common symptoms of neuromuscular diseases. Read More
16. Stroke : A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted. It can happen when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked (ischemic stroke) or bursts (hemorrhagic stroke). When the brain does not receive enough oxygen and nutrients, brain cells can be damaged or die. The symptoms of a stroke can vary but often include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body, trouble speaking or understanding speech, confusion, dizziness, severe headache, and difficulty with coordination or balance. It is crucial to act if someone is experiencing a stroke. The acronym “FAST” can help identify the warning signs: Face drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, and Time to call emergency services. Read More
Stroke
Stroke
16. Stroke : A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted. It can happen when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked (ischemic stroke) or bursts (hemorrhagic stroke). When the brain does not receive enough oxygen and nutrients, brain cells can be damaged or die. The symptoms of a stroke can vary but often include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body, trouble speaking or understanding speech, confusion, dizziness, severe headache, and difficulty with coordination or balance. It is crucial to act if someone is experiencing a stroke. The acronym “FAST” can help identify the warning signs: Face drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, and Time to call emergency services. Read More
Vertigo
17. Vertigo : Vertigo is a sensation of spinning or dizziness that can make you feel like you or your surroundings are moving when they are not. It is often caused by a problem in the inner ear or the part of the brain that controls balance. The core symptom of vertigo is a spinning or whirling sensation that can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, unsteadiness, and difficulty with coordination. It may be triggered by changes in head position, such as looking up or rolling over in bed. The most common type of vertigo has been medically established as Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), which occurs when tiny calcium crystals in the inner ear become dislodged. Read More
18. Tremor : Tremor refers to the involuntary shaking or rhythmic movement of a part of the body. It is a common neurological condition that can affect people of all ages. Tremors can vary in intensity and may be caused by various factors, including underlying medical conditions, medication side effects, or even stress. The most recognizable type of tremor is essential tremor, which often affects the hands, but tremors can also occur in other parts of the body, such as the head, voice, or legs. While tremors can be bothersome and impact daily activities, they are typically not life-threatening. Read More
Tremor
Tremor
18. Tremor : Tremor refers to the involuntary shaking or rhythmic movement of a part of the body. It is a common neurological condition that can affect people of all ages. Tremors can vary in intensity and may be caused by various factors, including underlying medical conditions, medication side effects, or even stress. The most recognizable type of tremor is essential tremor, which often affects the hands, but tremors can also occur in other parts of the body, such as the head, voice, or legs. While tremors can be bothersome and impact daily activities, they are typically not life-threatening. Read More
Inflammatory and demyelinating conditions of the central nervous system
19. Inflammatory and demyelinating conditions of the central nervous system : Inflammatory and demyelinating conditions of the central nervous system encompass a group of disorders characterized by inflammation and damage to the protective covering of nerve fibers known as myelin. These conditions primarily affect the brain and spinal cord, leading to a range of neurological symptoms. Prominent examples include multiple sclerosis (MS), neuromyelitis optica (NMO), and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). These conditions arise when the immune system mistakenly attacks the myelin, resulting in inflammation and disruption of nerve signal transmission. Read More
*“A Better You” Speciality Clinic provides seasoned neurological treatments, including epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, brain tumor, and much more. The veteran neurologists in the clinic treat all kinds of nervous illnesses with guarantee and exactitude.