Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Overview

An anxiety disorder is a well-known mental health condition. Anxiety disorders lead you to respond to certain situations with fear, dread, and somatic symptoms (Such as: pounding heart and sweating). Though a moderate level of anxiety is considered normal and even healthy, when it becomes uncontrollable and ends up significantly impairing the day-to-day activities of the patients, the issue should not fail to raise alarms. In cases when anxiety episodes become intermittent and distressful, you should not hesitate to seek anxiety disorder treatment. Healthy anxiety is essential for our survival. It helps us predict dangerous situations and avoid them. However, outbursts of anxiety that emanate without paying heed to any reason or causality could be severely offputting and detrimental to your overall health. Anxiety disorders are distinguished by the following signature features, such as:
  • The interference of the anxiety with your ability to conduct day-to-day functions.
  • The outbursts of anxiety prompt you to overreact.
  • The eruption of anxiety brings with it severe somatic reactions.
Anxiety Disorder

The symptoms of anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders are connoted by several distressing symptoms, such as:
  • Nervousness and the feeling of restlessness
  • Having a sense of premonition or impending danger
  • Having a skyrocketing heart rate
  • Rapid breathing, aka hyperventilation
  • Shivers and sweat
  • The feeling of exhaustion
  • Trouble focusing and compulsive thoughts of imminent dangers
  • Accompanying gastrointestinal problems
  • The urge to skip over things that trigger anxiety
Confused about your treatment options?
Confused about your treatment options?

Frequently Asked Questions

What is anxiety?
Anxiety disorders are, in essence, when the normal function of anxiety gets severely muddled and distorted. As a result, anxiety disorders might make the sufferers worry about something when there is little to no real reason for threats. A state of anxiety usually induces a state of alertness in your body, putting your senses on overdrive. It essentially prepares you to combat what might happen next. Anxiety disorders take hold of the victims in tandem with multiple other disorders, such as :
  • Panic disorders
  • Agoraphobia
  • Phobias in general
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Paranoia
  • Compulsive actions
How is anxiety treated?
Anxiety disorder treatment aims at reducing and alleviating symptoms. The common treatment options include psychotherapy (cognitive-behavioral therapy, Psychoanalysis, Ego-psychology), medications, or a combination of both. The medical or pharmacological treatment for anxiety revolves around many antianxiety medications, such as benzodiazepines, antidepressants, and beta blockers.
What are the causes of anxiety?
Unpleasant or traumatic experiences at an early age might precipitate a later eruption of anxieties. These experiences could include abuse, bullying, neglect, or something like losing your loved one through bereavement. Events and experiences that can trigger anxiety disorders in later life include :
  • Exposure to catastrophic incidents (such as accidents, earthquakes, etc.)
  • Neglect and abandonment
  • Losing your loved ones
  • Prior history of parents divorcing
  • History of illness and disability in the family
  • Bullying at the school or elsewhere
  • Sexual harassment and abuse at an early age
*Dr. Subhadeep Roy is a leading Neuropsychiatrist in Kolkata who offers the most compassionate and best anxiety treatment in Kolkata.