Panic Disorder

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is characterized by recurring and unexpected episodes of an intense feat of fear and anxiety called panic attacks. These attacks can strike without warning, leaving individuals feeling overwhelmed and desperate for relief. Panic disorder treatment can reduce the frequency of the attacks and, in favorable cases, completely obliterate them. During a panic attack, people experience a range of distressing symptoms. Their hearts may race, they may struggle to catch their breath, and they may feel chest tightness or pain. Sweating, trembling, dizziness, and a sense of detachment from reality are also common. Panic attacks can be terrifying and profoundly disrupt daily life. The exact causes of panic disorder are not fully unveiled, but a combination of factors likely contribute. Genetic predisposition, chemical imbalances in the brain, past traumatic experiences, major life stressors, and certain personality traits may all play a role in its development. Living with panic disorder can be challenging, as the fear of experiencing another panic attack can lead individuals to avoid certain places or situations. This avoidance can significantly impact their quality of life and, in some cases, develop into agoraphobia, a fear of being in situations where escape may be impossible. The good news is that effective treatments are available for panic disorder. Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), helps individuals understand and modify negative thought patterns associated with panic attacks. Exposure therapy gradually exposes individuals to feared situations, helping them regain control and reduce anxiety. Medications, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may also be prescribed to manage symptoms. Seeking professional help is vital for individuals with panic disorder. Mental health professionals can provide a proper diagnosis, support, and guidance throughout the treatment process. With appropriate interventions, individuals can learn to manage their symptoms, reduce the frequency and intensity of panic attacks, and regain a sense of calm and control in their lives. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of panic disorder, it’s essential to reach out to a healthcare professional for assistance. Remember, you are not alone, and help is available. By taking the first step towards seeking support, you are paving the way for a brighter, more tranquil future.
Panic Disorder


During a panic attack, individuals may experience a combination of physical and psychological symptoms. The physical symptoms usually include:
  • A racing or pounding heart
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Trembling or shaking
  • Sweating
  • Chills or hot flashes
  • A feeling of being out of control.
These sensations can be extremely frightening and can often lead individuals to believe they are in imminent danger.
Confused about your treatment options?
Confused about your treatment options?

Frequently Asked Questions

What causes panic disorders?
The precise cause of panic disorders is not fully understood. However, a combination of factors may contribute, including genetics, brain chemistry imbalances, traumatic experiences, major life stressors, and certain personality traits.
Can panic disorders be treated?
Yes, panic disorders can be effectively treated. Panic disorder treatment may include therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which helps individuals identify and modify thought patterns associated with panic attacks. Medications, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are also prescribed to keep the symptoms at bay.
Can panic disorders be prevented?
While it may not be possible to prevent panic disorders entirely, early intervention and appropriate treatment can significantly alleviate the severity of panic attacks. Building effective coping mechanisms and stress management techniques may also be beneficial.
Can lifestyle changes help in managing panic disorders?
Yes, adopting a healthy lifestyle can complement the treatment of panic disorders. Engaging in regular exercise, practicing relaxation techniques (such as deep breathing or mindfulness), maintaining a balanced diet, and getting enough sleep can contribute to overall well-being and help manage anxiety symptoms.
How can I recognize if I'm having a panic attack?
Panic attacks have distinct symptoms that can be both physical and psychological. Common physical symptoms include a racing heart, sweating, trembling, and difficulty breathing. Psychological symptoms may involve intense fear, a sense of impending danger, and a desire to escape the situation.
How long do panic attacks last?
Panic attacks typically reach their peak within a few minutes and can last anywhere from a few minutes to an hour. The duration may vary for each individual and from one panic attack to another.
How do I seek help for panic disorders?
If you suspect you have a panic disorder, you should urgently confide in a mental health provider. They can assess your symptoms, provide a proper diagnosis, and recommend appropriate treatment options tailored to your needs.
*Dr. Subhadeep Roy is a leading Neuropsychiatrist in Kolkata who offers the most compassionate and best panic disorder treatment in Kolkata.