Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health ailment where the patient suffers from the remainder of a terrifyingly traumatic or stressful event. The patient could be a direct victim or a witness of the event. Though the trauma takes place in a bygone past, the impacts of the trauma remain alive and kindling in the patient’s mind. Consequently, the patient suffers from symptoms like paranoia, flashbacks, nightmares, anxiety disorders, as well as impulsive thoughts about the event. People undergoing PTSD symptoms usually have severe difficulty adjusting and coping with the demands of everyday life, whether professional or educational. But, with time, compassionate care, and counseling under a good psychotherapist, they slowly heal and get back to the swings of everyday life. However, without professional post-traumatic stress disorder treatment, the symptoms are likely to get worse by the day and might even endanger self-harm or suicide.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

The symptoms of PTSD

The symptoms of PTSD are usually of four types: intrusive, memories, avoidance, and changes in physical reactions:
Intrusive :

  • Recurrent distressing memories of the traumatic events
  • Reliving the traumatic event over and over
  • Nightmares about the traumatic event
  • A severe emotional or physical reaction to something that acts as a trigger

Avoidance :

  • Avoiding places, people, or other trigger situations associated with the distressing event.
  • The tendency to avoid thinking or talking about the traumatic event.

Memories :

  • Memory problems and illusory memories
  • Hallucinations
  • Screen memories that cover the real memories of the trauma
Confused about your treatment options?
Confused about your treatment options?

Frequently Asked Questions

How is PTSD diagnosed?
A diagnosis of PTSD is typically made by a mental health professional based on specific criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). The professional will assess symptoms, their duration, and the impact on functioning.
What treatment options are available for PTSD?
Post-traumatic stress disorder treatment often includes psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both. Evidence-based therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychoanalysis, and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) have shown effectiveness in treating PTSD.
How long does PTSD last?
The duration of PTSD can vary from person to person. Some individuals may experience symptoms for a few months, while others may have them for years. Timely and effective treatment can help in reducing the duration and severity of symptoms.
How can I support someone with PTSD?
Supporting someone with PTSD involves providing a safe and understanding environment, listening non-judgmentally, encouraging them to seek professional help, and being patient and supportive throughout their healing journey.
Can children develop PTSD?
Yes, children can develop PTSD after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. However, the symptoms may manifest differently in children compared to adults. They may display regressive behaviors, nightmares, difficulty concentrating, or express their distress through play.
Can PTSD be cured?
While there is no known “cure” for PTSD, the condition can be effectively managed, and symptoms can be significantly reduced with appropriate treatment. Recovery varies for each individual, and early intervention is important for better outcomes.
Can PTSD go away on its own?
PTSD symptoms may improve over time, but it is unlikely to completely resolve on its own without intervention. Professional help and support are essential for addressing the underlying trauma and managing the symptoms effectively.
*Dr. Subhadeep Roy is a leading Neuropsychiatrist in Kolkata who offers the most compassionate and best post traumatic stress disorder treatment in Kolkata.